Small Eggs at First?
Hens need about 14 to 16 hours of daylight and eight hours of darkness, as well as proper nutrition to produce healthy eggs. When your bird starts laying eggs and their color can depend on the type of breed you have. Backyard chickens commonly produce eggs in blue, pink, and green colors.
At first, you may notice your pullet lay small and irregular eggs. Its first eggs may be super small (between 25 and 40 grams). Some may have weak shells, no yolks, or two yolks. After about a week, your pullet’s egg production will become more consistent. At about 30 weeks, your birds’ egg production should be at its peak.
Your birds’ eggs will gradually increase in size as it ages. Chickens are most productive during the spring and summer months. During the fall, they will undergo a molting period and take a vacation from laying eggs. During the winter, the limited daylight can slow down your birds’ egg production.
As egg production decreases during the winter months, some owners may provide supplemental lighting to continue to egg performance. Others may let their birds take a break to come fully rested for eggs in the spring. If you’re going for the extra light, all you need is about 25-watts of incandescent, fluorescent, or LED light per 100 square feet.
Chickens are most productive during the first two to three years of their life. Your birds can produce between 200 and 300 eggs per year. Your hens may skip a day or two on occasion. Overall Hens can lay eggs for the first five or six years of their lives. After that time, they may approach retirement age where their egg laying becomes sporadic and stops.